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Blink rate

In this example, you will use a potentiometer to control the flashing speed of an LED light. It will change as you turn it.

What you need​

  • SwiftIO Micro (or SwiftIO board)
  • Breadboard
  • Potentiometer
  • LED
  • 330ohm resistor
  • Jumper wires


  1. Place the potentiometer onto the breadboard. Connect the legs on the left to pin 3V3, connect the second leg to pin A0, and the third leg to pin GND.
  2. Place the LED onto the breadboard. The long leg of LED goes to D1 through a resistor. The short leg connects to GND.
circuit diagram

Example code​

Open the project BlinkRate in the folder MadExamples/Examples/SimpleIO if you downloaded the examples.

// Read the analog input and use it to set the rate of LED blink.

// Import the library to enable the relevant classes and functions.
import SwiftIO
import MadBoard

public struct BlinkRate {

public static func main() {
// Initialize an analog input and a digital output pin that the components are connected to.
let sensor = AnalogIn(Id.A0)
let led = DigitalOut(Id.D1)

// Enable the LED to blink over and over again.
while true {
// Read the input voltage in percentage.
let value = sensor.readRawValue()
// Change the current LED state.
// Keep the LED on or off for a certain period determined by the value you get.
sleep(ms: value)

Code analysis​

let value = sensor.readRawValue()

The method .readRawValue() reads the current raw value from the specified analog pin. Since the analog-to-digital converter on the Board has a resolution of 12-bit, the corresponding value would be 0-4095.


The method .toggle(), as the name suggests, changes the output level. If it's high level now, it will be changed to low, and vice versa.

sleep(ms: value)

The function sleep() keeps the current state of the LED for a specified time decided by the value. It makes sure that the time between each toggle is under control and changes with the potentiometer.


DigitalOut - set whether the pin outputs a high or low voltage.

AnalogIn - read the voltage from an analog pin.

MadBoard - find the corresponding pin id of your board.